As with humans, the teeth of dogs and cats suffer the constant attack of many bacteria that cause plaque formation. Over time, this dental plaque mineralizes and creeps under the gum.
This is what we call tartar.
Some breeds of dogs, mainly of small size, are predisposed: poodles, bichons, cottons, Shih Tzu, Pekinese … More than 85% of these dogs over the age of 3 suffer from diseases of the oral cavity.
The problems that follow can be bad breath, gingivitis, a loosening of the teeth for the “least serious” cases.
But since the infection of the gums, secondary to tartar, is an important source of bacteria, your animal may also suffer from painful abscesses in the tooth roots, not to mention a possible lies (destruction) of bone and more complex pathologies if the bacteria passed through the blood.
What to do if you’re pet has tartar?
The best solution is to consider descaling to start on a healthy basis.
It is an operation under general anesthesia that does not hurt. We remove the tartar with ultrasound (as at your dentist) and then polish the remaining teeth with a special paste.
If your pet starts to be in the senior category, it is strongly recommended to have a preoperative check-up beforehand to check that there is no metabolic problem.
So, what to do in prevention?
One of the best preventive measures is to brush your teeth (as for us!) At least once a week. For this, it must be done at a young age to be as accommodating as possible.
There is also a Vet aqua dent R disinfectant, an appetizing solution that is put into drinking water. With the chlorhexidine it contains, it reduces the progression of dental plaque and fight against bad breath. To give every day.
For dogs, there are also dental lamellae based on chlorinexhidine with similar action that can serve as treats.
In addition, by their shape, the abrasive mechanical action is reinforced. It can be given at a rate of 2-3 slices per week. Exist in different sizes depending on the weight of the dog.
Finally, there are croquettes whose composition and texture allow a natural cleaning of the teeth. These are croquettes whose fibers rub against the teeth and therefore have a brushing action.
It exists in dogs and cats (young, adults and seniors).